• A painful red eye

    Case study
    A man, 75 years of age, presents with a red, painful, watery right
    eye of 1 week duration. He describes photophobia but says his
    vision is not reduced or blurry. He was seen at another clinic after
    2 days of symptoms and was prescribed topical chloramphenicol
    antibiotic eye drops. Despite using the eye drops for 5 days,
    there has been no improvement in his symptoms. The man has no
    significant ocular past history.

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  • Bilateral blurry vision

    Henry, 60 years of age, presented to his general practitioner with a 3 month history of blurred vision in the left eye on a background of decreasing vision in both eyes for around 6 months. He had not had his eyes examined for many years. His past medical history included hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic renal impairment and peripheral vascular disease. Henry admitted to noncompliance with his medications and medical appointments.

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  • Acute infective endophthalmitis

    Mrs MS, 81 years of age, presented to the emergency department with a 2 day history of left eye redness, worsening pain and watering. She had a history of glaucoma surgery with intraoperative topical antimetabolite in her left eye 3 years earlier. Visual acuity was documented as 6/18 in each eye. She was diagnosed with viral conjunctivitis and discharged home without ophthalmic review.

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  • Steroid associated infective keratitis

    Betty, 78 years of age, presented to the emergency department with an acutely painful discharging left eye on the background of a complex ocular history. While living overseas she had developed left eye herpes keratitis for which she sought treatment from an ophthalmologist. She had initially been prescribed oral valacyclovir tablets and then ongoing topical corticosteroid eye drops (dexamethasone 0.1%).

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  • Sudden loss of vision

    Case study
    Bert, aged 80 years, presented to his general practitioner with sudden, painless loss of vision in his right eye 2 hours prior. He was an insulin-dependant type 2 diabetic, with a history of hypertension and dyslipidaemia. Right visual acuity consisted only of hand movements, compared to 6/6 vision in the left eye. There was a right relative afferent pupillary defect. Dilated fundus examination demonstrated multiple emboli in the arterial circulation, early arteriolar attenuation, and a cottonwool spot along the infero-temporal vascular arcade…

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  • Use of fenofibrate in the management of patients with diabetic retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy is a significant cause of vision impairment, especially affecting those of working age. There are two large, randomised controlled trials examining the effect of fenofibrate on diabetic retinopathy.


    We summarise their findings, and report on the available safety data.


    The FIELD study reported that patients treated with fenofibrate had a statistically significant relative risk reduction in the
    need for laser treatment for maculopathy and proliferative retinopathy. The ACCORD-Eye study reported a statistically significant reduction in diabetic retinopathy progression

    in patients treated with fenofibrate and statin combination therapy compared to statin therapy alone.

    Click on the following link for the full article: AFP Fenofibrate article

  • New onset ptosis as presentation of intracerebral aneurysm

    Joe, 66 years of age, was referred with a 2-week history of a right upper eyelid abnormality. He complained of associated diplopia initially, but this subjectively improved after a few days as the eye became more dif cult to open. He had a mild, intermittent headache for 4 weeks, relieved with oral paracetamol. There were no other neurological symptoms.

    He had no other symptoms of giant cell arteritis. His past medical history included hypercholesterolaemia for which he was taking regular statin therapy. He was an ex-smoker with a 40 pack-year history.

    Click the following link for the full article:   May_Clinical-Sharma-2